Concussion: Purely a Brain Injury or Are There More Pragmatic Treatments? | Modern Manual Therapy Blog

Concussion: Purely a Brain Injury or Are There More Pragmatic Treatments?


Concussion has been a hot topic in the last few years and continues to grow in awareness, diagnostic and treatment options in the field of medicine.  Rehabilitation professionals, such as physical therapists, play a vital role in recovery from this injury and can be argued to be the best healthcare provider to aid in a progressive, graded exposure to return to sport/play.  Treating patients recovering from this injury can be challenging but our field offers us the training and ability to address the multiple dimensions of symptoms; including the oculomotor, vestibular, cervical and central impairments.
Even though concussion can be considered physiologically a “brain injury”, there is a plethora of data correlating the mechanism of injury and impulsive forces to whiplash mechanism, such as seen in a car wreck (Elkin et al 2016Alexander 2003Hynes & Dickey 2006, Morin 2016).  So not only could impulsive forces in concussion involve the head, but the neck as well (Marshall 2015Kennedy 2017).  This is not a new subject per say, but with the continued expression of “brain injury” and “central condition”; I want to express to my colleagues that symptoms of headache and dizziness could be generators of nocioception and/or alterered proprioception.  There have been some authors to go as far as suggesting concussion should be appropriately called the monikor craniocervical shaky syndrome (CCSS).
Instead of simply allowing the brain injury diagnosis sticker dampen the prognosis to allow healing to occur, it is recommended to consider the cervical spine a potential reason/cause for post-concussion persistent symptoms.  Considering dizziness after sport-related concussion is common and reported to be in 43-81% of cases (Alslaheen et al 2010Duhaime et al 2012Lau et al 2011), it is highly recommended to get the formal assessment, evidence and treatment for these patients.
Cervicogenic Dizziness Course - Integrative Clinical Concepts
Let’s move on together to aid in finding potential, pragmatic and VERY treatable region of the body.  It can be challenging to find which system is of particular importance in the driver of post-concussive symptoms, but if you think it is the cervical spine, we have the answers for you.

You can learn more about the screening and treatment process of Cervicogenic Dizzinesss through Integrative Clinical Concepts, where the authors (husband–a manual therapist a wife—a vestibular specialist), teach a very unique course combining both the theory and practice of vestibular and manual principles in their 2-day course.  Pertinent to this blog post, the 1st day includes the “Optimal Sequence Algorithm”, a multi-faceted physiotherapist diagnostic approach of Cervicogenic Dizziness, which includes ruling out central and peripheral disorders to rule in the cervical spine as driver of proprioceptive dysfunction.
If you would like to host a course for your staff (either a vestibular, neuro, sports or ortho clinic), please do not hesitate to contact me at harrisonvaughanpt@gmail.com for more information.

Authors

Harrison N. Vaughan, PT, DPT, OCS, Dip. Osteopracic, FAAOMPT    
Instructor: Cervicogenic Dizziness for Integrative Clinical Concepts
Danielle N. Vaughan, PT, DPT, Vestibular Specialist  
Instructor: Cervicogenic Dizziness for Integrative Clinical Concepts


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